The Objectives of the Health and Wellbeing New Silk Road Conference

 

  1. To establish a dialogue and a reflexion on the importance of cooperation in Health Global System

  2. Identify EU-China cooperation opportunities in Health Research and Innovation programs

  3. Understand complementarities between Chinese and European medical practices in Health Prevention and Health Promotion

  4. Establish pragmatic approach on cooperation on development of Health sustainable cities, Health and Wellbeing Tourism Cities and in Health Science Parks, Trade, Innovation and Industry

 

Health Silk Road: what is it and what does it look for?

 

The Initiative One Belt One Road and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (BRI) was launched by China in 2013 and from 2015 is being explained to the world as a platform for cooperation and connectivity with the objective of establishing a dialogue between China and the countries that want to join to solve global problems such as sustainable and balanced development, unimpeded trade, climate change, physical and digital infrastructures, and health among others.

The scope of this initiative is very broad and we can see that in its progress a more focused view is developed in various cooperation programs such as the Land Silk Road, the Maritime Silk Road, the Air Silk Road, the Green Silk Road, the Digital Silk Road, the Health Silk Road. The number of cooperation MOUs already signed with China in these BRI programs include 138 countries and 31 international organizations.


The expression Health Silk Road (健康丝绸之路) first comes out in 2015 and was then reinforced by President Xi Jinping, in 2017, during the BRI Forum through Beijing Communiqué of The Belt and Road Health Cooperation & Health Silk Road.

 

However, it was essentially after the disruption of COVID-19 pandemic that it gains a new meaning and strength, as it constitutes a way of building what President Xi Jinping called the “community of common health for mankind”.

 

The Health Silk Road assumes since then a relevant role in BRI and in Chinese diplomacy, aiming to position China as a responsible stakeholder in the global order, through global healthcare.

Despite Health Silk Road seems to be more a rhetoric concept rather than a practical one, there are already concrete actions that were undertaken globally to make it real, in terms of medical aid and building of medical infrastructures. It can be compared, in a similar way, with the Development Assistance for Health (DAH) programme and can lead the world to reflect on the potential that Chinese performance might have in the field of global health governance.

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